Feb 03 2015

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Medications


A woman injecting a fertility drugDr. Janelle Dorsett sees many patients at her Lubbock fertility center, addressing concerns and answering questions about in vitro fertilization (IVF) and other kinds of assisted-reproduction treatments. A number of patients have asked Dr. Dorsett about fertility drugs and what roles they play in the IVF process. We'd like to take a few moments to go over this matter in basic terms right now.

Are fertility medications necessary for in vitro fertilization (IVF)?


Fertility drugs used during in vitro fertilization (IVF) and other kinds of assisted-reproduction therapies regulate a woman's cycle and ensure that the procedure is as successful as possible. In a sense, these fertility drugs are a crucial part of ensuring a successful IVF treatment.

What fertility drugs are most common?

Some of the most common kinds of fertility drugs for in vitro fertilization (IVF) include the following:

  • Gonadotrophin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) - These kinds of fertility drugs help in the prevention of early ovulation. Brand names for these GnRH drugs include Antagon and Cetrolide.
  • Clomiphene - Clomiphene is used to promote the release of multiple eggs during ovulation. This is achieved by promoting the production of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH). Clomiphene is marketed under the brand names Clomid and Serophene.
  • Medrol - Medrol is a steroid that preps a woman's body for the embryo implantation portion of the IVF process, which is the point at which a fertilized egg is placed into the womb to develop/mature.
  • Doxycycline - Doxycylcine is a fertility drug given to men to ensure that the sperm is free from unwanted bacteria. This helps improve chances of a pregnancy that is problem-free.
  • Natural Progesterone - The egg retrieval phase of IVF can lead to changes in a woman's progesterone levels. Natural progesterone helps balance out progesterone levels.

Additional medications may be prescribed and provided as needed. Note that the dosages and the drugs used may vary depending on the needs of the patient.

Are there any side effects of these fertility drugs?

As with other medications, there are some side effects associated with the use of fertility drugs. In general, these side effects are mild and temporary.

Some potential side effects that are commonly associated with taking fertility drugs include:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Hot flashes
  • Bloated sensations
  • Vision changes

In addition to the above, keep in mind that multiple pregnancies may occur as the result of taking these fertility drugs. This is a potential for in vitro fertilization (IVF) in many cases simply given the way that the procedure is performed.

During your consultation with our team, you will receive answers to all of your questions about fertility drugs as well as other facets of fertility treatment.

Speak with Dr. Janelle Dorsett About Your Treatment Options

For more information about fertility treatments and which medications may be right for your treatment, it's important that you contact our team of fertility specialists today. At The Centre for Reproductive Medicine, we will explain these matters in much greater detail so that you can make smart and informed decisions about starting the family that you have always wanted.

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The Centre for Reproductive Medicine
Lubbock Office

Address: 3405 22nd St Ste 300
Lubbock, TX 79410

Phone: (806) 788-1212