Also known as recurrent pregnancy loss, recurrent miscarriage refers to instances in which a woman loses two pregnancies or more. Some fertility specialists place the number at three involuntarily ended pregnancies. The loss of a pregnancy is defined as the involuntary end of pregnancy before the 20-week mark, which is the fifth month of pregnancy. The pregnancy is clinically detected via ultrasound or through pregnancy tests.
The team at our Lubbock fertility center has helped a number of patients deal with recurrent miscarriage. Whether through in vitro fertilization (IVF) or other means, women at risk for pregnancy loss can still have children.
Recurrent Miscarriage Statistics
It's estimated that around 2 percent of women experience recurrent miscarriage Though many pregnancies (up to 60 percent) end within the first 12 weeks of fertilization and gestation, recurrent pregnancy loss is a much different condition to consider.
Causes of Recurrent Miscarriage
Some of the most common causes of recurrent miscarriage are as follows:
Chromosomal Abnormalities – Approximately half of all miscarriages are the result of an extra or missing chromosome.
Maternal Health Conditions – Infections, hormonal issues, thyroid disease, and other health problem can lead to the involuntary end of a pregnancy.
Unexpected Factors – A number of normal activities can unexpectedly lead to a miscarriage, including vigorous exercise, sexual activity, or normal duties at work.
Risk Factors of Recurrent Miscarriage
In addition to the above, the following puts women at serious risk of experiencing a miscarriage:
Advanced Age – Once a woman hits the age 35, the chances of a miscarriage are around 20 percent. By age 40, the risk of miscarriage goes up to 40 percent. At age 45 and older, the risk of miscarriage can be as high as 80 percent.
Previous Miscarriages – If you have experienced previous miscarriages, the chances of another miscarriage can be high.
Presence of Chronic Conditions – Issues with serious diabetes and other types of chronic conditions can make miscarriage far more likely.
Serious Weight Problems – If a woman is seriously underweight or overweight, this can pose a number of problems to fetal health and proper fetal development.
Uterine or Cervical Problems – Abnormalities of the uterus or cervix can make it more difficult to carry a child to term.
Smoking, Alcohol, Drug Use – Use of tobacco products, alcohol, or drugs during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage or birth defects and other health problems.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) with Genetic Screening
One option to consider to prevent pregnancy loss is a genetic screening prior to IVF. This will involve analysis of the egg and sperm to assess the risk of a chromosomal problem. By screening for viable eggs and sperm, the chances of a miscarriage can be decreased.
Gestational Carriers (Surrogacy)
If there is a significant risk of a pregnancy loss, it's also possible to consider a gestational carrier. This means the services of a woman to carry a couple's child to term in their womb. There is a careful screening process for gestational carriers to ensure proper health and wellness throughout a pregnancy.
Contact The Centre for Reproductive Medicine
To learn more about overcoming miscarriage and improving your chances of having a healthy and beautiful baby, be sure to contact our team of fertility specialists today. The team at The Centre for Reproductive Medicine is here to help you have the family of your dreams.