Egg Donor IVF
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the most successful fertility treatments. IVF oversees all areas of conception to bypass many common sources of infertility. IVF can be effective for women who have a high quantity of quality eggs remaining in their ovarian reserve. At The Centre for Reproductive Medicine, we also offer this fertility treatment to those who cannot use their own eggs. Instead, we work with egg donors.
Egg donation expands fertility treatment options for our Lubbock, TX, patients, and gives them the opportunity to experience pregnancy through IVF. Egg donor IVF uses the same techniques as traditional IVF, and often offers even higher rates of success.
When to Consider Egg Donor IVF
A traditional IVF procedure starts with ovarian stimulation. Ovarian stimulation uses prescribed fertility medication to encourage the ovaries to produce and release multiple mature eggs. Eggs are then collected so they can be fertilized in a laboratory setting. Ovarian stimulation allows for the collection of several eggs, which increases the likelihood of IVF success, but it is only effective if the patient has viable eggs.
In many cases, our Lubbock patients are not able to undergo IVF treatment using their own eggs. We may instead consider egg donor IVF in any of the following situations:
- A woman suffers from age-related infertility, or has a diminished ovarian reserve (most common in women over the age of 40)
- A woman suffers from premature ovarian failure
- A woman has undergone cancer treatment that damaged the ovaries
- A woman was born without ovaries
- A woman has had unexplained repeated IVF failure
- A single male is undergoing IVF treatment with a gestational surrogate
- A gay male couple is undergoing IVF with a gestational surrogate
Finding an Egg Donor
If an egg donor is needed for IVF treatment, our Lubbock patients can choose to work with a known egg donor (either a friend or family member), or an anonymous donor. Known donors will need to be screened to ensure they are ideal egg donor candidates. It is important that donors are in good physical health, have a healthy ovarian reserve, and are emotionally prepared for the donor process. We can assist patients in having potential donors screened.
When working with anonymous egg donors, patients can select a donor from a pre-screened database at a donor agency. Although intended parents typically do not meet their egg donor, they are able to learn a lot about them, including physical traits, personality traits, interests/hobbies, and educational background.
The Egg Donor IVF Process
Once an egg donor is found and all necessary legal paperwork has been completed, the IVF process can begin. To start, the egg donor and the intended mother (or the gestational surrogate) must have their menstrual cycles aligned. This is achieved through the administration of fertility medication and/or birth control. When both women have had their period, treatment begins.
The egg donor undergoes ovarian stimulation, just like with a traditional IVF treatment. Fertility medication is administered to encourage the production of multiple mature eggs. At the same time, the intended mother or surrogate takes fertility medication to build up the uterine lining and prepare it for the implantation of an embryo. When the donor’s eggs look ready, a trigger shot is given and eggs are collected with an ultrasound-guided needle.
Collected eggs are introduced to sperm that has been collected from the intended father (or a donor). Eggs are observed for a period of several days. On day three of five of fertilization, a viable embryo (or embryos) is selected for transfer. The embryo is transferred directly to the mother’s (or surrogate’s) uterus. She continues to take hormone medication to encourage implantation.
Between 10 and 14 days after the embryo transfer, patients return to our office for a blood test to determine if treatment has resulted in pregnancy.
IVF has helped many individuals achieve their dream of parenthood after struggling with infertility. If you would like to learn more about IVF and egg donor IVF, and which may be right for you, contact the fertility specialists at The Centre for Reproductive Medicine. You can send us a message online or call us at (806) 788-1212.